This is how space agencies detect geomagnetic storms before they affect Earth

In the universe there are events that can wipe out life on Earth at any time , this includes huge geomagnetic storms from our Sun.


Recently, 40 Starlink satellites were destroyed by a geomagnetic storm and that makes us think how vulnerable we are to these events in the universe .

While this incident does not represent the end of the Starlink project . Geomagnetic storms can be a constant problem in the electrical infrastructure around the world.

A geomagnetic storm of great magnitude could damage electrical networks , interrupt transmission signals and telecommunications, which would cause navigation, whether by sea or air, to become catastrophes. 

Geospatial Model 2.0

In order to extend the detection time between a solar flare and the resulting winds that affect our magnetosphere. Gabor Toth, a researcher at the University of Michigan, and his team have been working on a version 2.0 of the Geospatial Model (currently used at the Space Weather Prediction Center).

This new model uses state-of-the-art computers, machine learning systems and a statistical analysis scheme.

With this 2.0 system, astronomers and power grid operators have an advance warning of 30 minutes before solar winds hit Earth. This would try to mitigate the impact of a geomagnetic storm .

Toth’s team relies on X-ray and UV data “from a satellite measuring plasma parameters a million miles from Earth,” he explained, to detect coronal mass ejections as they occur. “From that point, we can run a model and predict the arrival time and impact of magnetic events ,” Toth said.